Terms Used on This Site

Activities of Daily Living (ADLs).  This term describes the common tasks that we all typically do and that can become problematic as we become disabled.  These tasks frequently include:  walking, bathing & grooming, dressing, eating, and toileting.  If you have problems with any of these, you may need some help.

Physical Therapy (PT).  This profession strives to help you recover after a major set-back.  They are skilled at remediating ambulation problems.  They typically focus on:  Moving to a comfortable position in bed, Standing up, Transferring from a chair to a wheelchair, using a walker or cane, and climbing stairs.   They also seek to maintain range of motion and strength in one’s limbs.  They are skilled at dealing with muscles or joints.

See:  American Physical Therapy Association (APTA)   www.apta.org

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See Also:  International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Physical Therapists  (IFOMPT)   www.ifompt.org

Occupational Therapy (OT).  This profession focuses much of it’s efforts on the upper limbs.  They work on strength and coordination of one’s arm and hand movements.  They are famous for the wide range of adaptive equipment they can provide and tailor to your special needs.  They can be found dealing with one’s upper limbs in a wide variety of tasks.  These tasks frequently include:  dressing, grooming, cooking, and eating.

See:  American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA)   www.aota.org

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Speech Therapy.  This profession assists persons in improving their ability to communicate via speech, though they will also assist the non-speaker in using other means to communicate their needs and wants.  Interestingly, this profession has also developed a special interest in dealing with problems of swallowing (some times called dysphagia).

See:  American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)   www.asha.org

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FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions

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Nursing.  This profession is very diverse.  In just about any Medically-oriented setting you are likely to find Nurses of one kind or another.  Nurses range from Nurse’s Aides which require minimal education, Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) which typically require 75 hours of education,  Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs) which require 1 year of vocational school training, and Registered Nurses (RNs) which require either an Associate degree (A.S.) or Bachelor’s degree (B.S.) in Nursing.  Increasingly Nurses are completing graduate degrees and entering the field with MS or PhD degrees.  Graduate-level nurses can be found practicing as Midwives, Nurse Practitioners, and Nurse Anesthetists, as well as several other diverse specialties.  Historically Nursing has been the foundation from which multiple different medically-oriented professions have sprung.

See:  American Nurses Association  (ANA)   www.nursingworld.org/ana/

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See Also: International Council of Nurses (ICN)   www.icn.ch

 

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The Commission on Aging

         and Special Needs Citizens